Meaning of a Square: Understanding the Symbolism and Significance
A square is a simple yet powerful shape that has been used for centuries in various fields, from mathematics to art. It is a foursided polygon with all sides equal in length and all angles equal to 90 degrees. The square’s symmetry and balance make it a popular choice in design, architecture, and many other applications.
In mathematics, a square is defined as the product of a number multiplied by itself. It is a fundamental concept in geometry and plays a significant role in various mathematical equations. The square’s properties, such as its area and perimeter, are essential in solving mathematical problems and are widely used in everyday life.
Key Takeaways
 A square is a foursided polygon with all sides equal in length and all angles equal to 90 degrees.
 In mathematics, a square is defined as the product of a number multiplied by itself, and it plays a significant role in various mathematical equations.
 The square’s symmetry and balance make it a popular choice in design, architecture, and many other applications.
Mathematical Definition
A square is a twodimensional closed shape with four equal sides and four vertices. It is a type of regular polygon, which means that all of its sides are congruent and all of its angles are congruent. In mathematical terms, a square is a quadrilateral with four right angles and four congruent sides.
Properties of a Square
A square has several unique properties that set it apart from other polygons. Some of these properties include:
 All four sides of a square are equal in length.
 All four angles of a square are right angles, measuring 90 degrees each.
 The diagonals of a square are congruent and bisect each other at a 90degree angle.
 A square has four lines of symmetry, meaning it can be rotated by 90 degrees and still look the same.
Area and Perimeter
The area of a square is calculated by multiplying the length of one of its sides by itself, or by squaring its side length. The formula for the area of a square is:
Area = side length x side length
The perimeter of a square is the sum of the length of all four sides. Since all four sides are equal, the perimeter of a square can also be calculated by multiplying the length of one side by four. The formula for the perimeter of a square is:
Perimeter = 4 x side length
In summary, a square is a regular polygon with four equal sides and four right angles. It has several unique properties, including four lines of symmetry and congruent diagonals. The area of a square is calculated by squaring its side length, while its perimeter is calculated by multiplying the length of one side by four.
Symbolic Meanings
The square symbol has been used for centuries to represent various concepts, including structure, balance, logic, and law and order. Its four equal sides and right angles make it a symbol of stability and firmness.
Square in Religion
In many religions, the square is a sacred symbol that represents the physical world and its four elements: earth, air, water, and fire. In Christianity, the square is often used to represent the four evangelists: Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John. In Hinduism, the square is a symbol of the earth and represents the four directions: north, south, east, and west.
Square in Psychology
In psychology, the square is often used to represent stability and balance. It is seen as a symbol of the ego, which is the part of the psyche that mediates between the conscious and unconscious. The square is also used in therapy to help individuals achieve a sense of structure and stability in their lives.
Overall, the square symbol has a rich history of representing stability, balance, and structure in various contexts. Its simple yet powerful shape continues to inspire and influence people today.
Square in Geometry
A square is a foursided polygon that has four equal sides and four right angles. It is a regular quadrilateral and a special case of a rectangle. The square is a fundamental shape in geometry and has many practical applications in various fields.
Characteristics of a Square
The square has some unique characteristics that distinguish it from other polygons. Here are some of the characteristics of a square:
 All four sides are equal in length.
 All four angles are right angles (90 degrees).
 Opposite sides are parallel to each other.
 Diagonals bisect each other at a right angle.
 The sum of all interior angles is 360 degrees.
Types of Squares
There are two main types of squares: plane squares and solid squares.

Plane squares: A plane square is a twodimensional shape that lies on a flat surface. It has four equal sides and four right angles. Examples of plane squares include a chessboard, a piece of paper, and a tile.

Solid squares: A solid square is a threedimensional shape that has six faces, all of which are squares. It has four equal sides and four right angles. Examples of solid squares include a Rubik’s Cube and a box.
Summarizing, a square is a unique and important shape in geometry. Its properties and characteristics make it a useful tool in various fields such as architecture, engineering, and mathematics.
Square in Art
Squares have been used in art for centuries, both in architecture and visual arts. Here are some examples of how squares have been used in both fields:
Square in Architecture
In architecture, squares have been used as a fundamental building block for centuries. The use of squares in architecture can be seen in the design of buildings, public spaces, and even city planning. Squares are often used to create a sense of balance and symmetry, and to provide a solid foundation for the rest of the building.
One famous example of the use of squares in architecture is the Parthenon in Athens, Greece. The building is constructed entirely of marble and is based on a rectangular floor plan with a central square space. The use of squares in the design of the Parthenon is a testament to the importance of this shape in architecture.
Square in Visual Arts
Squares have also been used in visual arts, both as a shape and as a symbol. The use of squares in art can be seen in paintings, sculptures, and even in the design of logos and other graphic elements.
One famous example of the use of squares in visual arts is the work of the Dutch painter Piet Mondrian. Mondrian is known for his use of squares and rectangles in his paintings, which he used to create a sense of balance and harmony in his work.
Another example of the use of squares in visual arts is the work of the American artist Frank Stella. Stella is known for his use of squares and geometric shapes in his paintings, which he used to create a sense of depth and movement in his work.
Summarizing, squares have been used in art for centuries, both in architecture and visual arts. The use of squares in art can be seen in the design of buildings, public spaces, paintings, sculptures, and even in the design of logos and other graphic elements. Squares are often used to create a sense of balance and symmetry, and to provide a solid foundation for the rest of the work.
Conclusion
Summarizing, a square is a twodimensional closed shape with four equal sides and four vertices. It is a special type of rectangle where all sides are equal. A square has many properties that make it unique, including:
 It has four right angles
 Its opposite sides are parallel
 Its diagonals are equal and bisect each other at right angles
 It has rotational symmetry of order four
 It has reflectional symmetry across its diagonals and sides
Squares are commonly found in everyday life, from the tiles on the floor to the screens of our smartphones. They are also used in various fields of study, such as mathematics, engineering, and art.
It is important to note that while all squares are rectangles, not all rectangles are squares. This is because a rectangle only needs to have four right angles, while a square needs to have four equal sides as well.
In summary, squares are a fundamental shape in geometry with unique properties that make them useful in various applications. Understanding the properties and characteristics of squares can help in solving problems and creating new designs.